Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe

DEMOS is a research and innovation project studying populism and its impacts on democracy. Funded by the EU Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, the project is carried out by 15 partner institutions in Europe and involves 10 scientific disciplines. DEMOS investigates the phenomenon of populism through the lenses of democratic efficacy. The idea combines attitudinal features (political efficacy), political skills, knowledge, and democratic opportunity structures. A novelty, democratic efficacy is understood as a condition of political engagement needed to address the challenges of populism.


Research team


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.

Horizon 2020

Project duration

The project runs from December 2018 to April 2022.